THE NATURE OF TRUTH
We begin by admitting that we do not have a definition for the word Truth. Yet we need to use the word in our attempt to define it. Therefore, we have no choice but to begin with an intuitive concept of Truth.
Let us begin by assuming that Truth is the property of sentences whose meanings correspond with “facts” out in the “real” world.
In addition, we begin with the assumption that propositions have one of only two states: either true or false, even though we will later see that this is incorrect.
1. Truth Exists
It is self-defeating to deny the existence of truth. If someone claims that “Truth does not exist,” then we can counter by asking if the claim is True or False. If the claim is False, then Truth Exists, and if the claim is True, then Truth Exists.
2. Truth is Unchangeable
It is impossible for truth to change. What is true today always has been and always will be true. All true propositions are immutable truths. Pragmatic views of truth that imply that what is true today may be false tomorrow are untenable. If truth changes, then pragmatism will be untrue tomorrow, if indeed it could ever be true.
3. Truth is Eternal
By extension of its Unchangeable nature, Truth must be Eternal. Even if every created thing ceases to exist, Truth will continue to exist. But suppose someone asks, “What if truth itself should someday perish?” Then the truth that “Truth has perished” would still exist eternally. Any denial of the eternity of truth turns out to be an affirmation of its eternity.
4. Truth is Spiritual
The existence of truth presupposes the existence of minds. Without a mind, truth could not exist. The object of knowledge is a meaningful thought which resides in one or more minds.
a. Truth is Not a function of Matter.
The existence of truth is incompatible with any materialistic view of man. Materialists believe that all thinking and reasoning is merely the result of the random motion of particles in the brain. But one set of relative physical motions is not truer than another set. Therefore, if there is no mind, there can be no truth; and if there is no truth, materialism cannot be true.
Truth cannot be a function of the position of material objects because if a thought was the result of some physical motion in the brain, no two persons could have the same thought. A physical motion is a fleeting event different from every other motion. Two persons could not have the same random motion, nor could one person have the same random motion twice.
b. Truth is Not a function of Time.
If thoughts were the result of physical motions in the brain, memory and communication would be impossible. We are able to recall the past because we have minds and not because of the motion of particles in our brains. Thus, if one is able to think the same thought twice, truth must be independent of time.
c. Truth is Not a function of Space.
Truth is independent of Space as well. Not only does truth defy time and matter; it defies space as well. For communication to be possible between two or more people, the identical truth must be in two or more minds at the same time. If, in opposition, anyone wished to deny that an immaterial idea can exist in two different minds at the same time, his denial must be conceived to exist in his own mind only; and since it has not registered in any other mind, it does not occur to us to refute it!
5. Truth is Superior to the human mind
By its very nature, truth cannot be subjective and individualistic. Truth is immutable, but the human mind is changeable. Even though beliefs vary from one person to another, truth itself cannot change. Moreover, the human mind does not stand in judgment of truth; but rather, truth judges our reason.
While we sometimes judge other human minds (as when we say, for example, that someone’s mind is not as keen as it should be), we do not judge truth.
If truth and the human mind were equal, truth could not be eternal and immutable since the human mind is finite, mutable, and subject to error.
Therefore, truth must transcend human reason; truth must be superior to any individual human mind as well as to the sum total of human minds. From this it follows that there must be a mind higher than the human mind in which truth resides.
6. Truth is God
We have seen that Truth exists, is unchangeable, eternal, spiritual, and is superior to the human mind. But only God possesses these attributes. If we substitute the word “God” for the word “Truth” in the list of attributes, we see that:
God is Unchangeable
God is Eternal
God is Spiritual
God is not a function of Space, Time or Matter.
God is Superior to the human mind.
These attributes apply equally to Truth and God,
Truth and God are identical.
Unlike any other divine attribute,
No created thing possesses the attributes of Truth or God. There can be no True propositions about created entities, including numbers, geometric patterns or so called “laws” of science because they are all dependent on Space, Time or Matter.
The only true propositions
In other words, Knowing Truth is Knowing God,
Truth is Knowledge of God.
> Truth has been defined. <
Truth is God.
Truth is God?
What could that possibly mean?
How are we to interpret such a potent proposition?
To interpret that sentence, we must understand the several different ways that the word IS is used.
The wordIS can have
four possible meanings.1- The IS of Existence
e.g. “God is”, meaning “God Exists.” The word IS can be replaced by the word Exists, and the meaning of the sentence remains unchanged.2- The IS of Predication
e.g.“Laura is Beautiful,” meaning that Beauty is an attribute, quality or characteristic of Laura. The function of predication is to identify individuals and attribute properties to them. It is one of the primary properties of language.3- The IS of Class-Inclusione.g. “Lisa is Married,” means that Lisa belongs to a Class of people who are Married. 4- The IS of Identity
e.g. “Mark Twain is Samuel Clemens.”
In this sentence, we can replace the word IS with the phrase is the same as. The meaning of the sentence is clearer if we say “Mark Twain is the same person as Samuel Clemens.” Since the Subject and the Identicate* are both names for the same person, their transposition does not alter the meaning of the sentence.e.g. “Samuel Clemens is Mark Twain.”
* I find it necessary to create this new word to differentiate Identication from Predication.
We can now examine our definition of the wordTruth.When we say “Truth is God,” which of the four meanings of IS, is the word is?
1- “Truth is God” cannot mean Truth Exists. Replacing the word is with the word Exists does not make sense. This meaning of IS, is not what we mean.
2- “Truth is God” is Not a Predication about Truth. God is Not an attribute, quality or characteristic of Truth. This meaning of IS, is not what we mean.
3- “Truth is God” does NOT mean that Truth belongs to a Class of things (or beings) called God. This meaning of IS, is not what we mean.
4- The only other choice we are left with is that “Truth is God” means that Truth and God are IDENTITIES. Truth and God are two different names for the same “thing.”
We have thus shown that the words Truth and God are IDENTICAL.
At the same time we are bounded by this new identity. We cannot use the word Truth as a property of sentences that do not refer to God.
Knowing Truth is knowing God!
We often use the word truth, and assume that we are certifying or validating a statement that we have made. It is very difficult to avoid this practice. But it is an error.
Even the word synonym is misleading here, since it literally means “same name.”
Because the word “God” is not a name but a Title, its Syn-title cannot be a name but must be a Title.
Many religions use the word “God” to refer to the one who created the universe, an omniscient, omnipotent being. But that does not tell us much. We need to have the name of this God to be able to relate to him. By having only His Title, He becomes a more distant being than a person whose Name we know.
To refer to him as God is similar to referring to the President of a company whose name we do not know. We might be able to say a great deal about him because we see the results of his commands. “The president has given everyone a day off” or “The president has hired a new staff.” But we can still be in the dark as to who this president is!
“Truth” is a Syn-title for God.
Truth is a Title of Office, just as God is a Title of office. It is not the name of a person but a Title.
Augustine’s definition of Truth as given in his De Libero Book II, edited and reinterpreted; after the work of Ronald Nash in Faith & Reason, p161, and the work of Gordon Clark in A Christian View of Men and Things, p . 318.
An Extensive Bibliography is available for download.
The 1TP theory of Truth should not be confused with
|Truth is God|
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