>> Topic 1 - The Nature of Truth >> Chapter 1 - (Index)
1tp-50x50 What is Truth?

Over 60 pages of insight into the Nature of Truth

Welcome . . .
If you are looking for the definition of the word Truth,
you have come to the right place.

This page has essential information to guide you into the rest of the website.

To skip the introduction and to see the definition of Truth,

go to
The Nature of Truth.

Table of Contents

Part 1 - Motivation

Part 2- Introduction

Part 3 - Summary of this Website

Part 4 - Directory of this Website

Part 5 - Documents for Download

Part 6 - Acknowledgments

Part 7 - Disclaimers

Part 8 - Abbreviations

Part 9 - Website Map


During the most famous trial in history, a very important question was left unanswered. The question had been asked before by many thoughtful men, and has been asked many more times since, but the answer has not been forthcoming.

Innumerable attempts have been made to try and answer the question
“What is Truth?” Only one man has been able to give a satisfactory analysis of the word Truth. This website is based on the work of this man.

Aurelius Augustine was born in 354 AD and died 76 years later. The influence of his ideas still pervades all of civilization. Between the years 391 and 395 he wrote a small document with the title:
On Free Choice of the Will; [abbreviated in Latin to De Libero]. The document consists of three parts called ‘books’, each ‘book’ being about the length of a chapter in a modern book. Almost hidden in the pages of ‘book’ two, is his exposition of the word Truth.

This website is based on an over two decades-long, on-going study of  the Nature of Truth in thousands of references in Theology, Philosophy, Literature, History, Mathematics, Science and Logic. To see the extent of this study, please download the Extensive Bibliography below.
At this site you will find a Unique, Satisfactory and Much Needed Definition for the word Truth.

Much needed because the concept of Truth is inescapable.

Satisfactory because the definition fulfills the necessary and sufficient conditions for the concept of Truth.

Unique and unprecedented because I believe it is unlike any other definition of Truth.

Those who are new to the subject might be surprised to discover that a valid definition for the word Truth has not yet been agreed upon by Theologians, Philosophers, Logicians and Mathematicians.

With the advantage of hindsight, and a long history of Theology, Philosophy, Mathematics and Logic behind us, only recently have we been in a position to understand Augustine’s exposition of Truth correctly. The ancients were unable to interpret this work correctly, because they did not experience the many dead-ends that the history of ideas traversed.


1- The Triumvirate of human wisdom has been found wanting:
    a- There is no truth in Mathematics
    b- There is no truth in Science
    c- There is no truth in Logic

2- Philosophers, mathematicians and logicians have been unable to define the word Truth.
    The most plausible theories of truth are listed, followed by their devastating  critiques.

3- The analysis of the word Truth as given by St. Augustine has been resurrected and interpreted in light of the above facts.


All of the pages on this website are arranged
Topically in Drop-down menus.

The many facets of the Nature of Truth are given over several pages and all relevant pages should be read for a more complete picture.

The Nature of Truth topic contains the definition of the word Truth, its grammatical analysis and its interpretation.

The Background to the Nature of Truth topic has several pages of vital information on the present state of the many Theories of Truth and answers to commonly asked questions.

The Nature of Science topic gives statements by prominent scientists who have admitted that there is no truth in science.

The Nature of Numbers topic presents extensive information on the nature of numbers, their nature, their uses and their impotence to describe reality.

The Nature of Logic topic also contains quotes by eminent logicians that show the purpose and necessity of logic, the uses of the variety of logics, and the impotence of logic to arrive at any truth whatsoever.

The Nature of Knowledge page establishes a solid epistemological foundation for all human knowledge.

Once the Nature of Truth is established, it becomes necessary to understand The Nature of Names and Titles.

The Live Presentations pages are easier to understand expositions of the nature of truth and related subjects.


The following PDF files are available for download
at this website.

The Nature of Truth

The Truth-relevant passages
of Augustine’s De Libero,
Book II, in English

Brief Bibliography

Extensive Bibliography
Augustine’s De Libero in Latin
Aquinas- Truth- Q1

Critique of Numerics

The Original Code

No Truth in Logic

Hans Hahn Logic article

Other Documents

Allegory of the Cave-Plato
Hoover- DontYouBelieveIt


I wish to thank members of my family who have been the involuntary audiences of my lectures and Christmas Eve presentations during our family get-togethers over the past decades. Their probing questions and fearless criticisms of my ideas have helped to sharpen my mind and crystallize my thoughts.

Furthermore, this work would not have seen the light of day without my wife’s encouragement, support and her endurance of many lonely evenings.

In addition I want to thank the following institutions for access to their libraries.

Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
Andover-Newton Theological Seminary
Boston University
Boston College
Boston Public Library for providing access to JSTOR
Waltham Public Library for inter-library loans.

They are not associated with the 1TP Theory or this website.


… when I cite any author …  I cite him for the words quoted and no others. I do not mean to imply that he is in agreement with my essential position. I mean to imply no more than that the words quoted have interest and value in connection with the topic under discussion.
Leon Morris (1914-2006), Studies in the Fourth Gospel.


1TP = One True Proposition- the new theory of Truth based upon a new definition of truth, that there is only One True Proposition available to mankind at the present time.

noTru = nature of Truth

noKno = nature of Knowledge
noNum = nature of Numbers
noSci = nature of Science
noLog = nature of Logic
nTnF= neither True nor False
nNT = nature of Names and Titles

De Libero = Abbreviation of Latin title of St. Augustine’s important work De Libero Arbitrio Voluntatis;
in English:- On The Free Choice of the Will


TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth

Ch1 • What is Truth?
Ch2 • Truth Defined
Ch3 • What is God?
Ch4 • Truth is Not
Ch5 • Searching for Truth?
Ch6 • Brief Bibliography
Ch7 • Truth Above All
Ch8 • Grosse Errors
Ch9 • Western Armenian

TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science

Ch1 • There is No Truth in Science
Ch2 • Science and Faith

Ch3 • Science
Ch4 • All Motion Is Relative

TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers

Ch1• There is No Truth in Numbers
Ch2 • Mathematics and Reality
Ch3 • Critique of Bible Numerics
Ch4 • Dr Nash and his truth
Ch5 • The Usefulness of the Impossible

Ch6 • Mathematics is Not a Language

TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge

Ch1 • The Nature of Knowledge
Ch2 • All Knowledge is Acquired Through Faith
Ch3 • Erroneous Epistemologies
Ch4 • The Nature of the Copula
Ch5 •
The Nature of Definitions
Ch6 • The Nature of Meaning
Ch7 • The Nature of Identity
Ch8 • Points of Grammar
Ch9 • Two Steps of Communication
Ch10 • Primitive Undefinable Terms
Ch11 • Vocabulary Of Neologisms

TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth

Ch1 • Truth Undefined & Undefinable
Ch2 • Theories of Truth
Ch3 • Truth and Christ
Ch4 • Questions and Answers
Ch5 • The Greatest Thing In The World
Ch6 • Dictionary Definitions of Truth

TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic

Ch1 • There is No Truth in Logic
Ch2 • Neither True Nor False
Ch3 • Descartes’ Dictum Dismantled
Ch4 • God and Big Rocks
Ch5 • Problems Solved

TOPIC 7- The Nature of Names

Ch1 • The Nature of Names and Titles
Ch2 • On the Name of God

TOPIC 8- Live Presentations

Ch1 • Truth and Freedom
Ch2 • Pasadena CA Message
Ch3 • The Unknowable God
Ch4 • Social Media Conversation
Ch5 • Blog Radio Interview
Ch6 •
Hildegard on Truth
Ch7 • The Evils of Infant Baptism


TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics

Ch1 • The Image of God in Man
Ch2 • Who is a Christian?
Ch3 • God's WIll is Not a Secret
Ch4 • General Manifestation
Ch5 • Nine Ways To Salvation
Ch6 • The Four Ways
Ch7 • Are UFOs Biblical?
Ch8 • Physical Death Due to Original SIn

TOPIC 11- About the Author

Ch1 • About The Author
Ch2 • Dr Clark Letter
Ch3 • Record of Website Changes


The precursor of this website went online in December 2005.
 Since December 2006, there have been over 150,000 page views by more than 60,000 unique visitors.


. . . Pilate said to him “What is truth?” . . . John 18:38