Truth-Defined.com >> Topic 1 - The Nature of Truth >> Chapter 1 - (Index)
1tp-50x50 What is Truth?

Over 60 pages of insight into the Nature of Truth

This page has about 3000 words.

Welcome . . .
If you are looking for the definition of the word Truth, you have come to the right place.

This page has essential information to guide you into the rest of the website.

To skip the introduction and to see the definition of Truth,
go to
The Nature of Truth.

Table of Contents

Part 1 - Motivation

Part 2- Introduction

Part 3 - Summary of this Website

Part 4 - Directory of this Website

Part 5 - Documents for Download

Part 6 - Acknowledgments

Part 7 - Disclaimers


Part 8 - Abbreviations

Part 9 - Website Map

Topical Index - Approximate number of words

Alphabetical Index

Part 10 - Book for Sale

Part 1 - MOTIVATION

During the most famous trial in history, a very important question was left unanswered. The question had been asked before by many thoughtful men, and has been asked many more times since, but the answer has not been forthcoming.

Innumerable attempts have been made to try and answer the question
“What is Truth?” Only one man has been able to give a satisfactory analysis of the word Truth. This website is based on the work of this man.


Aurelius Augustine was born in 354 AD and died 76 years later. The influence of his ideas still pervades all of civilization. Between the years 391 and 395 he wrote a small document with the title:
On Free Choice of the Will; [abbreviated in Latin to De Libero]. The document consists of three parts called ‘books’, each ‘book’ being about the length of a chapter in a modern book. Almost hidden in the pages of ‘book’ two, is his exposition of the word Truth.

Part 2 - INTRODUCTION
This website is based on an over two decades-long, on-going study of  the Nature of Truth in thousands of references in Theology, Philosophy, Literature, History, Mathematics, Science and Logic. To see the extent of this study, please download the Extensive Bibliography below.
At this site you will find a Unique, Satisfactory and Much Needed Definition for the word Truth.

Much needed because the concept of Truth is inescapable.

Satisfactory because the definition fulfills the necessary and sufficient conditions for the concept of Truth.

Unique and unprecedented because I believe it is unlike any other definition of Truth.

Those who are new to the subject might be surprised to discover that a valid definition for the word Truth has not yet been agreed upon by Theologians, Philosophers, Logicians and Mathematicians.

With the advantage of hindsight, and a long history of Theology, Philosophy, Mathematics and Logic behind us, only recently have we been in a position to understand Augustine’s exposition of Truth correctly. The ancients were unable to interpret this work correctly, because they did not experience the many dead-ends that the history of ideas traversed.


Part 3 - SUMMARY OF THIS WEBSITE


1- The Triumvirate of human wisdom has been found wanting:
    a- There is no truth in Mathematics
    b- There is no truth in Science
    c- There is no truth in Logic


2- Philosophers, mathematicians and logicians have been unable to define the word Truth.
    The most plausible theories of truth are listed, followed by their devastating  critiques.

3- The analysis of the word Truth as given by St. Augustine has been resurrected and interpreted in light of the above facts.


Part 4 - DIRECTORY OF THIS WEBSITE

All of the pages on this website are arranged Topically in Drop-down menus.

The many facets of the Nature of Truth are given over several pages and all relevant pages should be read for a more complete picture.

The Nature of Truth topic contains the definition of the word Truth, its grammatical analysis and its interpretation.

The Background to the Nature of Truth topic has several pages of vital information on the present state of the many Theories of Truth and answers to commonly asked questions.

The Nature of Science topic gives statements by prominent scientists who have admitted that there is no truth in science.

The Nature of Numbers topic presents extensive information on the nature of numbers, their nature, their uses and their impotence to describe reality.

The Nature of Logic topic also contains quotes by eminent logicians that show the purpose and necessity of logic, the uses of the variety of logics, and the impotence of logic to arrive at any truth whatsoever.

The Nature of Knowledge page establishes a solid epistemological foundation for all human knowledge.

Once the Nature of Truth is established, it becomes necessary to understand The Nature of Names and Titles.

The Live Presentations pages are easier to understand expositions of the nature of truth and related subjects.

Part 5 - DOCUMENTS FOR DOWNLOAD


The following PDF files are available for download at this website.

PAGE NAME DOCUMENT
The Nature of Truth

The Truth-relevant passages of Augustine’s De Libero, Book II, in English

Brief Bibliography

Extensive Bibliography
Augustine’s De Libero in Latin
Aquinas- Truth- Q1

Critique of Numerics

The Original Code
Numerics-Ackerman
Numerics-Allis

No Truth in Logic

Hans Hahn Logic article

Other Documents

Allegory of the Cave-Plato
Hoover- DontYouBelieveIt
RobbinsReviews-Lakatos



Part 6 - ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I wish to thank members of my family who have been the involuntary audiences of my lectures and Christmas Eve presentations during our family get-togethers over the past decades. Their probing questions and fearless criticisms of my ideas have helped to sharpen my mind and crystallize my thoughts.

Furthermore, this work would not have seen the light of day without my wife’s encouragement, support and her endurance of many lonely evenings.

In addition I want to thank the following institutions for access to their libraries.

Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
Andover-Newton Theological Seminary
Boston University
Boston College
Boston Public Library for providing access to JSTOR
Waltham Public Library for inter-library loans.

They are not associated with the 1TP Theory or this website.

Part 7 - DISCLAIMERS

[…] when I cite any author […]  I cite him for the words quoted and no others. I do not mean to imply that he is in agreement with my essential position. I mean to imply no more than that the words quoted have interest and value in connection with the topic under discussion.
Leon Morris (1914-2006), Studies in the Fourth Gospel.

Part 8 - ABBREVIATIONS

1TP = One True Proposition- the new theory of Truth based upon a new definition of truth, that there is only One True Proposition available to mankind at the present time.

noTru = nature of Truth

noKno = nature of Knowledge
noNum = nature of Numbers
noSci = nature of Science
noLog = nature of Logic
nTnF= neither True nor False
nNT = nature of Names and Titles

De Libero = Abbreviation of Latin title of St. Augustine’s important work De Libero Arbitrio Voluntatis;
in English:- On The Free Choice of the Will

Part 9 - WEBSITE MAP

TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth

Ch1 • What is Truth?
Ch2 • Truth Defined
Ch3 • What is God?
Ch4 • Truth is Not
Ch5 • Searching for Truth?
Ch6 • Brief Bibliography
Ch7 • Truth Above All
Ch8 • Grosse Errors
Ch9 • Western Armenian

TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science

Ch1 • There is No Truth in Science
Ch2 • Science and Faith
Ch3 • Science
Ch4 • All Motion Is Relative

TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers

Ch1• There is No Truth in Numbers
Ch2 • Mathematics and Reality
Ch3 • Critique of Bible Numerics
Ch4 • Dr Nash and his truth
Ch5 • The Usefulness of the Impossible

Ch6 • Mathematics is Not a Language

TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge

Ch1 • The Nature of Knowledge
Ch2 • All Knowledge is Acquired Through Faith
Ch3 • Erroneous Epistemologies
Ch4 • The Nature of the Copula
Ch5 •
The Nature of Definitions
Ch6 • The Nature of Meaning
Ch7 • The Nature of Identity
Ch8 • Points of Grammar
Ch9 • Two Steps of Communication
Ch10 • Primitive Undefinable Terms
Ch11 • Vocabulary Of Neologisms

TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth

Ch1 • Truth Undefined & Indefinable
Ch2 • Theories of Truth
Ch3 • Truth and Christ
Ch4 • Questions and Answers
Ch5 • The Greatest Thing In The World
Ch6 • Dictionary Definitions of Truth
Ch7 -  The Great Ideas - Truth

TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic

Ch1 • There is No Truth in Logic
Ch2 • Neither True Nor False
Ch3 • Descartes’ Dictum Dismantled
Ch4 • God and Big Rocks
Ch5 • Problems Solved

TOPIC 7- The Nature of Names

Ch1 • The Nature of Names and Titles
Ch2 • On the Name of God

TOPIC 8- Live Presentations

Ch1 • Truth and Freedom
Ch2 • Pasadena CA Message
Ch3 • The Unknowable God
Ch4 • Social Media Conversation
Ch5 • Blog Radio Interview
Ch6 •
Hildegard on Truth
Ch7 • The Evils of Infant Baptism

TOPIC 9

TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics

Ch1 • The Image of God in Man
Ch2 • Who is a Christian?
Ch3 • God's Will is Not a Secret
Ch4 • General Manifestation
Ch5 • Nine Ways To Salvation
Ch6 • The Four Ways
Ch7 • Are UFOs Biblical?
Ch8 • Physical Death Due to Original Sin
Ch9 - Gems from the Literature

TOPIC 11- About the Author

Ch1 • About The Author
Ch2 • Dr Clark Letter
Ch3 • Record of Website Changes

TOPIC 12


TOPICAL INDEX - APPROXIMATE NUMBER OF WORDS ON EACH PAGE
Adult average reading speed is about 200 words per minute.

TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth
Ch1 • What is Truth? >
3000
Ch2 • Truth Defined >
3100
Ch3 • What is God? >
300
Ch4 • Truth is Not >
2000
Ch5 • Searching for Truth? >
800
Ch6 • Brief Bibliography >
3600
Ch7 • Truth Above All >
3000
Ch8 • Grosse Errors >
8100
Ch9 • Western Armenian >
830

TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science
Ch1 • There is No Truth in Science > 3700
Ch2 • Science and Faith >
240
Ch3 • Science >
11,200
Ch4 • All Motion Is Relative >
6300

TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers
Ch1• There is No Truth in Numbers > 6200
Ch2 • Mathematics and Reality >
700
Ch3 • Critique of Bible Numerics >
7200
Ch4 • Dr Nash and his truth >
4400
Ch5 • The Usefulness of the Impossible >
2300
Ch6 • Mathematics is Not a Language >
1000

TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge
Ch1 • The Nature of Knowledge > 1800
Ch2 • All Knowledge is Acquired Through Faith >
4400
Ch3 • Erroneous Epistemologies >
1300
Ch4 • The Nature of the Copula >
800
Ch5 • The Nature of Definitions >
16,000
Ch6 • The Nature of Meaning >
180
Ch7 • The Nature of Identity >
340
Ch8 • Points of Grammar >
3900
Ch9 • Two Steps of Communication >
120
Ch10 • Primitive Undefinable Terms >
965
Ch11 • Vocabulary Of Neologisms >
145

TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth
Ch1 • Truth Undefined & Undefinable > 1400
Ch2 • Theories of Truth >
2800
Ch3 • Truth and Christ >
1400
Ch4 • Questions and Answers >
4100
Ch5 • The Greatest Thing In The World >
1500
Ch6 • Dictionary Definitions of Truth >
9000
Ch7 • The Great Ideas - Truth > 18,000


TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic
Ch1 • There is No Truth in Logic > 5000
Ch2 • Neither True Nor False >
1400
Ch3 • Descartes’ Dictum Dismantled >
1000
Ch4 • God and Big Rocks >
500
Ch5 • Problems Solved >
200

TOPIC 7- The Nature of Names
Ch1 • The Nature of Names and Titles > 5200
Ch2 • On the Name of God >
4500

TOPIC 8- Live Presentations
Ch1 • Truth and Freedom > 2500
Ch2 • Pasadena CA Message >
1500
Ch3 • The Unknowable God >
2100
Ch4 • Social Media Conversation >
10,500
Ch5 • Blog Radio Interview >
48 Minute audio
Ch6 • Hildegard on Truth >
1600
Ch7 • The Evils of Infant Baptism >
7500

TOPIC 9

TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics
Ch1 • The Image of God in Man > 1500
Ch2 • Who is a Christian? >
300
Ch3 • God's Will is Not a Secret >
440
Ch4 • General Manifestation >
1300
Ch5 • Nine Ways To Salvation >
1900
Ch6 • The Four Ways >
300
Ch7 • Are UFOs Biblical? >
3100
Ch8 • Physical Death Due to Original Sin >
280
Ch9 • Gems from the Literature >

TOPIC 11- About the Author
Ch1 • About The Author > 500
Ch2 • Dr Clark Letter >
200
Ch3 • Record of Website Changes >
2100

TOPIC 12

ALPHABETICAL INDEX
Alphabetical list of names of every page on this website, Topic, Chapter number and approximate number of words on that page.

About The Author >>> TOPIC 11- About the Author >>> Ch1 >>> 500
All Knowledge is Acquired Through Faith
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch2 >>> 4400
All Motion Is Relative
>>> TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science >>> Ch4 >>> 6300
Are UFOs Biblical?
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch7 >>> 3100
Blog Radio Interview
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch5 >>> 48 Minute audio
Brief Bibliography
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch6 >>> 3600
Critique of Bible Numerics
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch3 >>> 7200

Descartes’ Dictum Dismantled
>>> TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic >>> Ch3 >>> 1000
Dictionary Definitions of Truth
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch6 >>> 9000
Dr Clark Letter
>>> TOPIC 11- About the Author >>> Ch2 >>> 200
Dr Nash and his truth
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch4 >>> 4400
Erroneous Epistemologies
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch3 >>> 1300
Gems from the Literature >>> TOPIC 10- Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch9 >>>
General Manifestation
>>> TOPIC 10- Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch4 >>> 1300
God and Big Rocks
>>> TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic >>> Ch4 >>> 500

God's Will is Not a Secret
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch3 >>> 440
Grosse Errors
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch8 >>> 8100
Hildegard on Truth
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch6 >>> 1600
Mathematics and Reality
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch2 >>> 700
Mathematics is Not a Language
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch6 >>> 1000
Neither True Nor False
>>> TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic >>> Ch2 >>> 1400
Nine Ways To Salvation
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch5 >>> 1900

On the Name of God
>>> TOPIC 7- The Nature of Names >>> Ch2 >>> 4500
Pasadena CA Message
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch2 >>> 1500
Physical Death Due to Original Sin
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch8 >>> 280
Points of Grammar
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch8 >>> 3900
Primitive Undefinable Terms
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch10 >>> 965
Problems Solved
>>> TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic >>> Ch5 >>> 200
Questions and Answers
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch4 >>> 4100

Record of Website Changes
>>> TOPIC 11- About the Author >>> Ch3 >>> 2100
Science
>>> TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science >>> Ch3 >>> 11,200
Science and Faith >>> TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science >>> Ch2 >>> 240
Searching for Truth?
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch5 >>> 800
Social Media Conversation
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch4 >>> 10,500
The Evils of Infant Baptism
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch7 >>> 7500
The Four Ways
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch6 >>> 300

The Great Ideas - Truth  >>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch7 >>> 18,000
The Greatest Thing In The World
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch5 >>> 1500
The Image of God in Man
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch1 >>> 1500
The Nature of Definitions
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch5 >>> 16,000
The Nature of Identity
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch7 >>> 340
The Nature of Knowledge
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch1 >>> 1800
The Nature of Meaning
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch6 >>> 180
The Nature of Names and Titles
>>> TOPIC 7- The Nature of Names >>> Ch1 >>> 5200

The Nature of the Copula
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch4 >>> 800
The Unknowable God
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch3 >>> 2100
The Usefulness of the Impossible
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch5 >>> 2300
Theories of Truth
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch2 >>> 2800
There is No Truth in Logic
>>> TOPIC 6- The Nature of Logic >>> Ch1 >>> 5000
There is No Truth in Numbers
>>> TOPIC 3- The Nature of Numbers >>> Ch1 >>> 6200
There is No Truth in Science
>>> TOPIC 2- The Nature of Science >>> Ch1 >>> 3700

Truth Above All
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch7 >>> 3000
Truth and Christ
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch3 >>> 1400
Truth and Freedom
>>> TOPIC 8- Live Presentations >>> Ch1 >>> 2500
Truth Defined
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch2 >>> 3100
Truth is Not
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch4 >>> 2000
Truth Undefined & Undefinable
>>> TOPIC 5- Background to The Nature of Truth >>> Ch1 >>> 1400
Two Steps of Communication
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch9 >>> 120

Vocabulary Of Neologisms
>>> TOPIC 4- The Nature of Knowledge >>> Ch11 >>> 145
Western Armenian
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch9 >>> 830
What is God?
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch3 >>> 300
What is Truth?
>>> TOPIC 1- The Nature of Truth >>> Ch1 >>> 3000
Who is a Christian?
>>> TOPIC 10 - Miscellaneous Topics >>> Ch2 >>> 300
Part 10 - BOOK FOR SALE
The Book cover
Truth-Defined.com; a softcover, partly abridged, print version of the most important pages of this website, with a lengthy introduction, illustrations and detailed indexes.
Available for sale on Amazon; 212 pages; Sewn binding, laminated cover. Fall 2022; ISBN
9781885723147
The precursor of this website went online in December 2005.
  Since December 2006, there have been over 150,000 page views by more than 60,000 unique visitors.


. . . Pilate said to him “What is truth?” . . . John 18:38